I - Four wheel Open Wagon


The I wagons was probably the largest single class of vehicle in Australia with 15,000 in service by late 1929. The wagon construction covers 1859 through to 1929. The vehicles were issued firstly with wooden bodies, no brakes and an 8 ton capacity. Through the 1880's and 1900's, capacity increased to 11 tons with stronger axles and better wheels; Westinghouse Brake conversions started from 1891 with most vehicles done by 1905.

In 1902 steel I wagons began to be constructed of 12 ton and then 15 ton capacity. From 1907 the current standard 'I' wagon design evolved with construction through to 1920's.

A drop door version was introduced to service about 1903. These were rated at 12 ton capacity. Between March 1904 and July 1904 these wagons were altered to _IG_ classification. More drop door wagons of 15 ton capacity were built from 1908. These wagons were placed into the I number group but were issued with 'IG' class letters.

Prior to World War I, a group of 16 ton I wagons were built with wooden sides and ends with steel doors. At the time there was a shortage of boilermakers and alternate materials were used in construction. The wagons were called 'shandies' by rail staff. The wagons were rebuilt to steel in the 1930's.

In 1929 the I wagons were split into basic capacity groups. With the massive withdrawal of 8 to 11 ton capacity wagons starting to affect traffic, there were problems with selecting 10,11 and 15 ton I wagons for placement.

The sub classes were: 'I' became 15t capacity; _IB_ was for vehicles with 8/10/11t capacity and _IA_ had a dual capacity of 11/16 ton. The _IG_ wagons of 15 ton capacity were relettered to 'I'.

The dual capacity was a government concession for farmers with 'less than car loads'. Loading to 11 ton was charged at 11 ton rate and loading over 11ton was charged at 16ton rate. The railways preserved the 1929 ratio of 11ton to 16ton truck by marking an I wagon to IA every time an IB wagon was scrapped. I to IA recoding occurred regularly through to the 1960's by which time all IB's were removed from service. At times it was found there were more IA's than the quota. In these cases, _IA_ wagons were marked back to I. By the mid 1960's onwards I wagons were also coded 11/16ton.

In 1935 the railways turned to bulk grain transport. Up to this date grain was bagged first then loaded onto available wagons. The 12 ton version of the IG wagons were recoded to _IX_ as 'G' was used to denote 'bulk grain'.

I wagons were scrapped progressively through the 1960's, then rapidly from the 1970's as bogie vehicles were introduced and traffic requirements eased off.

Inspection of photographs taken in the 1970's has revealed something of interest. The handbrake position can be at the narrow door end or the wide door end. Diagrams and plans only show the handbarke at the wide door end. In general, the handbrake is on the narrow end. Apparently from 1904 the underframe and brake rigging arrangement was changed. To 1904, the handbrake was on the No.2 side ( No.1 side was brake cylinder side ). These wagons had hand brakes secured directly to the underframe. From 1904, the handbrake was placed on the No.1 side. The handbrakes are noted by the handbrake shaft running across the wagon and displaced from the underframe to clear the rigging. From 1929, the handbrake shaft only ran to the centre of the wagon.

There have been many body types over the years and diagrams tend to confuse any compilation. To assist in this research construction lists have been compliled from the data that was used to create the vehicle history lists. The construction list has two groups:

  1. By number - shows the number progress of new construction
  2. By year - shows the yearly construction and includes rebuilds

The graph below shows an approximate introduction to service of all open wagons including the I wagon class and the resultant code changes of sub groups:

Open Wagons Timeline

 

Vehicle history lists:

   Photos   for  'I  '

FileID Description................................................

   DI111 I - 10t, wood, no class lettering, no airbrake, Spencer Street, c1900, [oCGD]
   AA894 I - 8t wood, with 16t steel, [oMDN]
   DK443 I - bodies on ground, ldd sleeper plates, Spotswood Rec Depot, 8/6/1977, [oPJV]
   B5364 I - fitted 2000g tank, distant, Ringwood, c1946, [oJAM]
   11509 I - rake of I IA RY GY, Tottenham Yard, 16/4/1978, [oPJV]
   AA114 I - wagon bodies at Simsmetal, Brooklyn, 15/1/1979, [oPJV]
   B5321 I - wagons in yard/tarped, Geelong, c1900, [oJAM]
   B5309 I - wood type, tarped to floor level, part view, 1890s, [oJCM]
   BM839 I - (r), R 57 (l) coupled, Mortlake, c1897, [sGEA]
   AM027 I - 10t, elec. testing, Sandringham, 1919, [sPJV]
   AH469 I - 2710/2690 ex Bridgewater, [sPJV]
   DS916 I - 2810, 2690, end of siding, Bridgewater, 9/6/1985, [oPJV]
   AD589 I - canvas covered, curved ends, 1880s, [sPJV]
   DT303 I - e2p/Harris shunter/buffer, Newport Workshops, 4/5/1979, [oPJV]
   AL879 I - early iron type, 1890s, [sPJV]
   AA823 I - end, 1925, [oMDN]
   AD570 I - end, 1880s, [sPJV]
   AK748 I - ex G detail 1, Echuca, [sPJV]
   AK749 I - ex G detail 2, Echuca, [sPJV]
   DT194 I - Harris shunter/buffer s2e2c, Newport Workshops, 4/5/1979, [oPJV]
   AD574 I - I/H high side type, 1880s, [sPJV]
   BM837 I - iron type, Mortlake, c1897, [sGEA]
   BM841 I - iron type (2), Mortlake, c1897, [sGEA]
   BI723 I - iron type, ldd people, Mortlake, c1898, [sPJV]
   AU352 I - part view, 8 ton wooden type, Rochester, [sFXK]
   AU310 I - part view, end, Korong Vale, 1890s, [sFXK]
   AU255 I - part view, no ridge gear, Spencer Street, c1924, [oMDN]
   AU429 I - row of new steel 10t types, Newport Workshops, c1900, [oPTC]
   CB259 I - s2e2c buffers/auto gear, c1950, [sPJV]
   BI727 I - smashed underframe/body, Wonthaggi, 14/1/1950, [sPJV]
   AW590 I - stepped cutting/goods sheds?, c1920, [sMDN]
   AU301 I - tarped, part view, Ballarat, 1890s, [sFXK]
   AV688 I - u/f, VSX door rack, Ballarat Workshops, 18/2/1977, [oPJV]
   BF062 I - underframe, Newport Workshops, 20/9/1975, [oPJV]
   AU313 I - various part views, Spencer Street, 1880s, [oPTC]
   BE184 I - wagon bodies used as storage bins, Spotswood Rec Depot, 5/8/1981, [oPJV]
   AB795 I - wagon rake, 1930s, [sFXK]
   AD592 I - wagon rake, Port Melbourne, [sPJV]
   AA045 I - wagon tarps, c1925, [oMDN]
   AS310 I - wagons - part view, [sPJV]
   BA565 I - wagons on pier, Port Melbourne, c1915, [sNET]
   BG828 I - wagons on train, Parwan, 12/11/1975, [oPJV]
   AD371 I - with solid tarp ridge gear, 1920, [sFXK]
   AU303 I - wooden part view, Melbourne Goods, 1890s, [sFXK]
   AW563 I - Yard trucks, c1927, [oMDN]
   AA039 I 356, [oMDN]
   AA882 I 356, [oMDN]
   AC575 I 507 - coal stage accident, Seymour, 1904, [sFXK]
   AD311 I 1765, [sFXK]
   AD543 I 2191 - part view, [sPJV]
   AL914 I 2390, Bridgewater, [oPJV]
   AA038 I 2658, [oMDN]
   AL915 I 2710, [oPJV]
   AW688 I 3221 - part view, [sMDN]
   AC575 I 3386*- coal stage accident, Seymour, 1904, [sFXK]
   AA885 I 3685 - lettering, [oMDN]
   AD526 I 3685 - part view, [sFXK]
   AU427 I 6327 - large lettering, Newport Workshops, c1900, [oPTC]
   AU420 I 6398 - new, large lettering, c1900, [oPTC]
   CP846 I 8012 - part view, 5 lettering, 1960s, [sPHD]
   DU235 I 8148 + RY 1754 + GY 2654 - shows height differences, Dandenong, 17/7/1976, [oPJV]
   DU233 I 8148 - s1e2, Dandenong, 17/7/1976, [oPJV]
   AL916 I 8325, [oPJV]
   BM797 I 8325 - s1e2 L4 Term Port Melb, Port Melbourne, 23/1/1976, [oPJV]
   AV678 I 8335 - s1, L7, disc wheels, Castlemaine, 18/2/1977, [oPJV]
   AL917 I 8368, [oPJV]
   DU287 I 8368 - part view, tarped, Jolimont Workshops, 18/7/1976, [oPJV]
   CG022 I 8491, Maryborough, 18/4/1978, [oPJV]
   AL918 I 8619, [oPJV]
   BD358 I 8707 - s1, Albury, NSW, 30/3/1975, [oPJV]
   B1342 I 8728 - L7, Tottenham Yard, 16/4/1978, [oPJV]
   B1027 I 8774 - OR, Tottenham Yard, 25/3/1979, [oPJV]
   AY132 I 8822 - s1, tarped, East Yard, 16/11/1976, [oRXO]
   AL919 I 8926, [oPJV]
   BM796 I 8926 - e1p no ridge gear, Port Melbourne, 23/1/1976, [oPJV]
   BM795 I 8926 - e1q no ridge gear, Port Melbourne, 23/1/1976, [oPJV]
   BM794 I 8926 - s2e1c Term Port Melb, L4, Port Melbourne, 23/1/1976, [oPJV]
   AL920 I 9008, [oPJV]
   AY136 I 9008 - s1, SIGNALS Terminal Truck, Caulfield, c1976, [oRXO]
   AY137 I 9053 - s2, tarped, East Yard, 12/1976, [oRXO]
   CF581 I 9070 - ldd tractor, Ararat, 18/4/1978, [oPJV]
   AL921 I 9358, [oPJV]
   BG637 I 9379 - part view, OR, Newport Workshops, 6/11/1975, [oPJV]
   AL877 I 9387, 1976, [oPJV]
   BD358 I 9402 - s2, Albury, NSW, 30/3/1975, [oPJV]
   CF672 I 9457 - wooden end deck, Ballarat Workshops, 17/4/1978, [oPJV]
   CE101 I 9593 - tarped L7, Mildura, 21/4/1978, [oPJV]
   AY139 I 9595 - s1, Westall, 31/10/1976, [oRXO]
   AY140 I 9605 - s2, tarped, East Yard, 16/11/1976, [oRXO]
   BM845 I 9631 - part view, L7, Flinders Street Yard, 20/1/1976, [oPJV]
   BD359 I 9698 - s2, Albury, NSW, 30/3/1975, [oPJV]
   B1326 I 9708 - ldd scap wood, Tottenham Yard, 16/4/1978, [oPJV]
   CQ409 I 9861, Flinders Street, c1973, [oDAC]
   AY143 I 9935 - s1, East Yard, 18/11/1976, [oRXO]
   AL922 I 9943, [oPJV]
   AY144 I 10036 - s1, tarped, East Yard, 12/1976, [oRXO]
   AV737 I 10052 - s1, Newport Workshops, 19/2/1977, [oPJV]
   AY145 I 10096 - s1e2, Dandenong, 30/1/1977, [oRXO]
   AU239 I 10097, c1943, [oPTC]
   AY147 I 10248 - s2, door open, Westall, 12/1976, [oRXO]
   AV743 I 10285 - s1, Newport Workshops, 19/2/1977, [oPJV]
   AY149 I 10346 - s1e2, Westall, 31/10/1976, [oRXO]
   CG098 I 10406 - L7 s2, Mildura, 21/4/1978, [oPJV]
   AY151 I 10462 - s2p, North Melbourne C&W, 13/10/1976, [oRXO]
   BH407 I 10617 - 4 class/numbers, side and underframe, 1974, [oPJV]
   BH365 I 10618 - part view, ldd coal, [oPJV]
   AY153 I 10658 - s1, ldd briquettes, 18/9/1976, [oRXO]
   AY154 I 10690 - s2e2, Spencer Street, 28/10/1976, [oRXO]
   AU639 I 10913 - s2, Woodend, 8/11/1976, [oRXO]
   AL898 I 11124, [sPJV]
   AL878 I 11180 - Pt Melb Terminal, [sPJV]
   BM806 I 11180 - s1e2 L7 Term Port Melb ridge gear, Port Melbourne, 23/1/1976, [oPJV]
   AY158 I 11180 - s2, Terminal Port Melb, Port Melbourne, 27/10/1976, [oRXO]
   CP863 I 11491 - part view, tarped, L5, 1950s, [sPHD]
   B1031 I 11499 - OR, Tottenham Yard, 25/3/1979, [oPJV]
   AL899 I 11505, [sPJV]
   CF519 I 11515 - s2 tarped, Warrenheip, 29/4/1978, [oPJV]
   AY163 I 11618 - s1, Dandenong, 30/1/1977, [oRXO]
   AY164 I 11691 - s1, ldd tractor cab, Bendigo, 1/11/1976, [oRXO]
   BM799 I 11734 - s1e2 L7 Term Port Melb, ridge gear removed, Port Melbourne, 23/1/1976, [oPJV]
   AY166 I 11775 - s1, empty, door open, Westall, 10/11/1976, [oRXO]
   11223 I 11916, Lilydale, 8/4/1978, [oPJV]
   AY167 I 11929 - s1, East Yard, 19/11/1976, [oRXO]
   AY168 I 11962 - s1, DT Ballarat-NM W/S, North Melbourne C&W, 17/10/1976, [oRXO]
   AY170 I 12095 - s2, doors open, Dandenong, 30/1/1977, [oRXO]
   BM807 I 12154 - s1e2 L4 Term Port Melb ridge gear, Port Melbourne, 23/1/1976, [oPJV]
   AY173 I 12222 - s2, Westall, 10/11/1976, [oRXO]
   AV746 I 12257 - s2, Newport Workshops, 19/2/1977, [oPJV]
   AY174 I 12268 - s2, Westall, 30/1/1977, [oRXO]
   11686 I 12410 - s2e2c, Tottenham Yard, 16/4/1978, [oPJV]
   AY179 I 12478 - s1, tarped, East Yard, 12/1976, [oRXO]
   CF580 I 12483 - ldd briquettes/unloader in use, Ararat, 18/4/1978, [oPJV]
   AU040 I 12724 - being scrapped, Bendigo Workshops, 3/12/1976, [oPJV]
   BH405 I 12850 - 4 lettering underframe and side, 1975, [oPJV]
   BH395 I 12850 - s2, L4, Term Port Melb, Port Melbourne, 1975, [oPJV]
   BM801 I 12850 - s2e1 L4 Term Port Melb no ridge gear, Port Melbourne, 23/1/1976, [oPJV]
   AY185 I 12856 - s2, tarped, North Melbourne C&W, 13/10/1976, [oRXO]
   AY186 I 12967 - s1, ldd timber, Westall, 30/1/1977, [oRXO]
   AL900 I 13190, [sPJV]
   BV043 I 13380, Tottenham Yard, 6/5/1979, [oPJV]
   AV735 I 14295 - s2, Newport Workshops, 19/2/1977, [oPJV]
   CR214 I 14399 - s1p, red sides, alum colour door, L7, test, Newport Workshops, 1970, [oPTC]
   CR213 I 14399 - s1p, red sides, aluminium colour doors, test, Newport Workshops, 1970, [oPTC]
   AX268 I 14444 - s1, Rangelea, 13/11/1976, [oRXO]
   B1624 I 14661 - OR, Tottenham Yard, 12/3/1979, [oPJV]
   CW742 I 14765 - body/tarped on ground (tarp store), Melbourne Yard, 2/7/1976, [oPJV]
   CV903 I 14765 - lettering/OR on body, Melbourne Yard, 2/7/1976, [oPJV]
   AX976 I 14805 - s1p, Westall, 30/1/1977, [oRXO]
   AX977 I 14809 - s1, tarped, East Yard, 12/1976, [oRXO]
   AX998 I 14827 - s2, Bendigo North, 1/11/1976, [oRXO]
   AL901 I 14878, [sPJV]
   AU055 I 14887 - L7, Jolimont Workshops, 28/2/1977, [oPJV]
   AV953 I 14887 - s1, HBN, Jolimont Workshops, 28/2/1977, [oPJV]
   AY007 I 14912 - s1, Off Reg, Ballarat, 2/10/1976, [oRXO]
   DA579 I 14916 - part view, Dandenong, 17/7/1976, [oPJV]
   AL902 I 14946, [sPJV]
   BM093 I 14946 - e1p, Briquettes MWL-WNG, Tottenham Yard, 20/4/1980, [oPJV]
   BM092 I 14946 - e1q, Briquettes MWL-WNG, CONDEMNED, Tottenham Yard, 20/4/1980, [oPJV]
   CI916 I 14946 - interior: deck/door/slope sheet, Tottenham Yard, 18/3/1979, [oPJV]
   B3410 I 14946 - lettering/axle/OR, Tottenham Yard, 18/3/1979, [oPJV]
   CI915 I 14946 - lettering: Briquette Traffic MWL-WNG, Tottenham Yard, 18/3/1979, [oPJV]
   CI913 I 14946 - s1p OR, Tottenham Yard, 18/3/1979, [oPJV]
   CI914 I 14946 - s1q OR, Tottenham Yard, 18/3/1979, [oPJV]
   B3408 I 14946 - s2 OR, Tottenham Yard, 18/3/1979, [oPJV]
   B3409 I 14946 - s2p OR, Tottenham Yard, 18/3/1979, [oPJV]
   DA603 I 14953 - s2e1, ldd hay/tarped, Bunyip, 17/7/1976, [oPJV]
   AY047 I 14966 - s2, Dandenong, 30/1/1977, [oRXO]
   AL903 I 15008, [sPJV]
   AL904 I 15045, [sPJV]
   CF663 I 15056 - wooden end deck, Ballarat Workshops, 17/4/1978, [oPJV]
   DQ850 I 15097 - s2 OR, North Geelong Yard, 29/4/1979, [oPJV]
   AY048 I 15114 - s2, North Melbourne C&W, 17/10/1976, [oRXO]
   B1347 I 15142 - tarped, Tottenham Yard, 16/4/1978, [oPJV]
   11506 I 15142 - tarped DT BAT-NPT, Tottenham Yard, 16/4/1978, [oPJV]
   BM802 I 15157 - s1e2 L4 Term Port Melb no ridge gear, Port Melbourne, 23/1/1976, [oPJV]
   AX188 I 15577 - s1, barn doors /open, museum, Echuca, 3/1993, [oPJV]
   AX187 I 15577 - s1, museum, Echuca, 3/1993, [oPJV]
   AX189 I 15577 - shows yellow stripe under paint, museum, Echuca, 3/1993, [oPJV]
   AL905 I 15579, [oPJV]
   AY052 I 15579 - s2, NM - BOW traffic, distant view, North Melbourne, c1976, [oRXO]
   AY053 I 15592 - s2, tarped, North Melbourne C&W, 17/10/1976, [oRXO]
   AL906 I 15607, [oPJV]
   AY057 I 15610 - s1, Bendigo, 13/11/1976, [oRXO]
   AY060 I 15622 - s2, Rangelea, 13/11/1976, [oRXO]
   AY062 I 15631 - s1, Malvern Goods Yard, 21/11/1976, [oRXO]
   AY069 I 15637 - part view, Dandenong, 14/11/1976, [oRXO]
   AY072 I 15643 - s2, missing door, Bendigo North Workshops, 1/11/1976, [oRXO]
   CU513 I 15644, Geelong Loco, 12/3/1979, [oPJV]
   BV327 I 15651, Tottenham Yard, 6/5/1979, [oPJV]
   BV332 I 15651 - end/corner detail: shows yellow stripe ex G code, Tottenham Yard, 6/5/1979, [oPJV]
   AL907 I 15656, [oPJV]
   AY085 I 15660 - s1, Dandenong, 14/11/1976, [oRXO]
   BM328 I 15677 - OR, BIN 128, Cohuna, 11/5/1980, [oPJV]
   AY089 I 15680 - s2, disc wheels, Dandenong, 14/11/1976, [oRXO]
   AL908 I 15686, [oPJV]
   AY090 I 15686 - s2, Terminal Dynon - Brooklyn Tip, East Yard, 19/8/1976, [oRXO]
   11526 I 15694, Tottenham Yard, 16/4/1978, [oPJV]
   AY092 I 15700 - s2, tarped, East Yard, 12/1976, [oRXO]
   AL909 I 15705, [oPJV]
   AY102 I 15709 - s2, ldd timber, Westall, 12/1976, [oRXO]
   BM329 I 15719 - OR, BIN 129, Cohuna, 11/5/1980, [oPJV]
   B2985 I 15724 - tarped, Canal Zone, 1/4/1978, [oPJV]
   AL910 I 15738 - timber mods, 1975, [oPJV]
   CU376 I 15767 - s1, Tottenham Yard, 18/3/1979, [oPJV]
   AY116 I 15779 - s2, Warragul, 9/10/1976, [oRXO]
   CF865 I 15780 - tarped, Birchip, 19/4/1978, [oPJV]
   AY118 I 15791 - s1, tarped uncovered to unload, Malvern Goods Yard, 21/11/1976, [oRXO]
   DA605 I 15800 - s1e1, L7, Dandenong, 17/7/1976, [oPJV]
   AY126 I 15800 - s2, tarped, East Yard, 12/1976, [oRXO]
   AY207 I 15806 - s2, tarped, East Yard, 25/11/1976, [oRXO]
   AL911 I 15819 - W guard traffic, [oPJV]
   BG177 I 15822, [oPJV]
   BG813 I 15822 - e1p, Flinders Street Yard, 11/11/1975, [oPJV]
   BG812 I 15822 - e1q, Flinders Street Yard, 11/11/1975, [oPJV]
   AY208 I 15822 - s2, Cobden, 28/11/1976, [oRXO]
   BG811 I 15822 - s2e1c, Flinders Street Yard, 11/11/1975, [oPJV]
   CB102 I 15827 - part view, ldd briquettes, Flinders Street Yard, 16/4/1979, [oPJV]
   B1313 I 15832 - s1, Tottenham Yard, 16/4/1978, [oPJV]
   CB096 I 15837 - OR, North Melbourne C&W Shops, 16/4/1979, [oPJV]
   AY209 I 15840 - s2, L4, North Melbourne C&W Shops, 17/10/1976, [oRXO]
   AL912 I 15845, [oPJV]
   B2910 I 15850 - class/ID/OR, Bendigo Workshops, 15/3/1978, [oPJV]
   B2909 I 15850 - lettering DT Npt-BO, Bendigo Workshops, 15/3/1978, [oPJV]
   B2908 I 15850 - OR DT Npt-Bo, Bendigo Workshops, 15/3/1978, [oPJV]
   AL913 I 15859, [oPJV]
   Diagrams   for  'I  '

FileID Description................................................

   BF532 I - (5 dia), 1904, [oDO4]
   BF533 I - (6 dia), 1904, [oD04]
   BF702 I - 3 dia ( for Sheet E/F/G ), [sPJV]
   BF703 I - 5 dia/Belgium, [sPJV]
   AL885 I - diagram, [sPJV]
   AL884 I - diagram, [sPJV]
   AL883 I - diagram, [sPJV]
   AL882 I - diagram, [sPJV]
   AL881 I - diagram, [sPJV]
   AL880 I - diagram, [sPJV]
   AS681 I - diagram I-6, 23/5/1974, [oPTC]
   AS682 I - diagram I-7, wagons 15570+, 20/5/1974, [oPTC]
   AU928 I - Open Wagon, 1878, [oPTC]
   BF705 I - Sheet A, [sPJV]
   BF704 I - Sheet A, [sPJV]
   BF535 I - Sheet A 2 numbers, 1904, [oD04]
   BF536 I - Sheet A 3 numbers, 1904, [oD04]
   BF534 I - Sheet A numbers, 1904, [oD04]
   BF706 I - Sheet A(3), [sPJV]
   BF707 I - Sheet A(4), [sPJV]
   BF711 I - Sheet Aa cont d, [sPJV]
   BF537 I - Sheet B 1 numbers, 1904, [oD04]
   BF538 I - Sheet B 2 numbers, 1904, [oD04]
   BF539 I - Sheet B 3 numbers, 1904, [oD04]
   BF708 I - Sheet B(2), [sPJV]
   BF709 I - Sheet B(3), [sPJV]
   BF710 I - Sheet C, [sPJV]
   BF540 I - Sheet C 1 numbers, 1904, [oD04]
   BF712 I - Sheet D, [sPJV]
   BF541 I - Sheet D numbers, 1904, [oD04]
   BF713 I - Sheet E, [sPJV]
   BF542 I - Sheet E numbers, 1904, [oD04]
   BF714 I - Sheet E rebuilds, c1901, [sPJV]
   BF718 I - Sheet G, [sPJV]
   BF715 I - Sheet G swing door, 1909, [sPJV]

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File c005m, compiled by Peter J. Vincent, updated 16/1/2007